Geocoding is the term used to describe the process of exchanging address into corresponding geographical data (coordinates).
If you’re looking for out-of-the-box geocoding services there are plenty of them. For example, you can consider the most popular one – Google Maps Geocoding API which is pretty good but it’s not really free to use.
There’s a different solution, especially if you’re using OpenStreetMaps-related maps engine. It’s called Nominatim and basically it’s the OSM searching engine with open web API.